Dienstag, 9. April 2013

Bewertung neuer Wirtschaftsmodelle

FTalphaville verweist auf einen Blogbeitrag von Irving Wladawsky-Berger über die Probleme, den Beitrag neuer Service-Sektoren zur Wirtschaftsleistung zu messen.
"While suitable when economies were dominated by the production of physical goods, GDP does not adequately capture the growing share of services and the production of increasingly complex solutions that characterize advanced economies.[...]

The first [problem] is that the marginal cost of delivering them [digital products/services] over the Internet is pretty close to zero.  While in some cases their economic model is based on advertising, in most cases users contribute their time, and develop digital content for nothing.  We are spending more and more of our time consuming and developing digital goods than ever before. “We’ve more than doubled the amount of time we spend on these goods in the past five years.”

The problem is that GDP measures the total amount spent on these goods and services.  If the price is zero, then “zero times any quantity is still zero. So you could have an enormous of explosion of bits or articles or whatever else.  If they’re priced at zero, the statisticians in Washington do the math and, lo and behold, it comes out as a big fat zero contribution for our GDP.”  Traditional metrics have not been adequate for the information economy because so much of the digital economy has been free."
Diese Hypothese hört man immer mal wieder, wenn es um Erklärungen dafür geht, dass die offiziellen BIP-Statistiken für die fortgeschrittenen Volkswirtschaften im Trend sinkende Wachstumsraten ausweisen. Für mich sehr plausibel, dass da was dran ist ...

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